Cybersecurity Protection in Indonesia
Noor Halimah Anjani
In 2019, the Indonesian National Cyber and Crypto Agency (BSSN) reported 290 million cases of cyberattacks. That was 25% more than the previous year, when cybercrimes had caused losses of USD 34.2 billion for Indonesia. The Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 triggered a significant increase in phishing attacks, malspams and ransomware attacks, adding to the urgency of establishing a well-functioning infrastructure for cybersecurity in Indonesia.
Indonesian cybersecurity laws and regulations created fragmented responsibilities across different ministries and they remain ineffective in preventing cyberthreats and cybercrime. A comprehensive regulation on cybersecurity is urgently needed in Indonesia. The Indonesian parliament and BSSN should engage in a Public-Private Dialogue (PPD) when deliberating the bill. Engaging in PPD has proven to help sharing relevant information and experiences and producing sensible and workable policies supported by a broad base of stakeholders.