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Opinion | Between Cyber Sovereignty and Cross-Border Data Flows

Updated: Apr 19, 2022

First published in The Jakarta Post (2/12/21).


The dilemma between liberalization and protection of resources has been going on for a long time, especially in developing economies like Indonesia. In the digital era, a similar debate also takes place pertaining to the lifeblood of the digital economy - data.

The nature of the debate between traditional flows of goods and services and data flow is somewhat similar. Developing countries with abundant raw natural resources, for example, tend to limit the extraction of raw natural resources by foreign companies for fear that the economic benefit from merely selling raw resources may not be worth the long-term damages from environmental degradation and underdeveloped domestic technology in resource processing. As such, policies like domestic market obligation, local content requirements, and domestic processing are applied in sectors like mining and energy.

Data as a resource