top of page

Indonesia's Net Zero Target and Sustainable Agriculture: Are We on the Right Track?

First published at The Jakarta Post (19/12/2022)


Indonesia may be determined to meet its ambitious emission reduction targets but without supportive agricultural policies, these targets will remain elusive and the agriculture sector will remain among the highest emission contributors. A policy overhaul is thus required to produce long-term strategies that support sustainability and the environment’s carrying capacity for human needs.


The government released its first National Determined Contribution (NDC) to reduce carbon emissions in 2016 and an updated version in September 2022. The latest NDC sets greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets in the agriculture sector at 10 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent (Mt CO2 eq) in an unconditional mitigation scenario and 12 Mt CO2 eq in a conditional scenario, aiming to reduce emissions by respectively 0.3 percent and 0.4 percent compared to business as usual.


While agriculture must produce sufficient food to meet the nation’s needs and to ensure nutritional security, the efforts to do so should not degrade the environment and contribute to exacerbating climate change.