Community Livelihoods

Pingkan Audrine


  • The contribution of tobacco excise taxes to total excise revenues creates a dilemma for the government, as they would lose an important source of tax revenues should it pursue the goals of dramatically reducing tobacco consumption that negatively impact public health.

  • A significant increase in underage smoking reveals serious enforcement problems in the control of cigarette sales.

  • In 2019, tobacco-related expenses were the second largest contributor to poverty after rice expenditures

  • Evaluations of existing programs should inspire coordinated activities in a National Tobacco Road Map that needs to replace existing and often-times contradictory policies from various ministries