Food Security & Agriculture

Ira Aprilianti & Felippa Amanta


  • Delegating responsibility for post-market supervision to subnational governments can also create unequal food safety standards and practices.

  • Problems with pre-market certification undermine the food safety system as it makes the products of informal businesses harder to trace and monitor.

  • Bans on single-use plastics have unintended consequences for food merchants and food delivery services.

  • Food safety enforcement by the government is difficult considering the number of informal MSMEs as well as institutional and regulatory challenges. Hence, food safety also relies on private sector initiatives, including food merchants and third parties in e-commerce.

  • While Indonesia’s private sector initiatives on food safety are still relatively new and unsystematic, private sector initiatives in other countries and economic communities are more robust and can offer lessons for Indonesian governments and companies.